6. Harlan, Kentucky


Harlan county – hearded sheep, small farms, whiskey in backyard. Samuel Howard – courthouse and the jail. William Turner – a tavern and two general stores.

Once neighbor’s cow wandered onto their land, Turner’s grandson show the cow dead. They were so harsh people and not pleasant people, who kills for small things like this. One time both the grandsons got into gunshot for cheating in poker. And both the family get into serious fight and gun shots and killing. Things quickly went from bad to worse.

These people are not pleasant because its from there root. Statistics show that the Southerner who can avoid arguments and adultery is as safe as any other American. In the backcountry, violence wasn’t for economic gain. It was personal. You fought over your honor. “Culture of honor”

Insult experiment and trigger point.

Culture legacies are powerful forces and have deep roots and long lives. They persist, generation after generation virtually intact and inherits.

7. The Ethnic Theory of Plane Crashes


Korean Air flight crashes.

Plane crashes are much more likely to be the result of an accumulation of minor difficulties and seemingly trivial malfunctions. It is the combination of all those errors that leads to disaster.

Kinds of errors that cause plane crashes are invariably errors of teamwork and communication. Tricky situation needs to be resolved through a complex series of steps and some fail to coordinate and miss one of them.

Fuel exhaustion crash – co-pilot to ATC transcript communication.

Communicate – not just sense of issuing commands, but also in the sense of encouraging and cajoling and calming and negotiating and sharing information in the clearest and most transparent manner possible.

Newyork ATC are famous for being rude, aggressive, and bullying.

Power Distance index  – authority, respect, fear to designation.

Americans fall back on their American-ness, and that American-ness means that the ARC is thought of as an equal. But koreans are low PDI.

Later Greenberg’s run korean flight operations and first improve the proficiency of aviation English and second was to bring western firm – step out of roles in cockpit(out from cultural legacy)

8. Rice Paddies and Math Tests


Southern China – Pearl River Delta – land covered thick smoggy haze, generations before were rice paddies.

Rice cultivated in China for 1000 years and technique spread various East Asia.

Rice paddies are “built” not opened up like wheat fields.

Numbers – short term memory – 7 numbers.

The Number Sense – book. Chinese number words are remarkably brief and most be uttered one-quarter of second.

The memory gap between English and Chinese is due to length. Number-naming systems in Western and Asian languages are constructed.

Numbers like(includes tamil) – 11,12, and three-fifths. It has logical counting system.

Asian children learn to count much faster than American children.

No number translation is necessary for Asian children.

Western University research says that Asian children do well Math there.


Western agriculture – “mechanically” oriented, sophisticated equipment replace human labour, increase his acreage.

Asian agriculture – didn’t have money to buy equipment, wasn’t any extra land. Improved their yields by becoming smarter. – Skill oriented

Asian hard working ( more hours), even do work in other job even in non- season periods.

Meaningful work – clear relationship between effort and reward.

“No one who can rise before dawn three hundred sixty days a year fails to make his family rich” – Every story so far involves someone or some group working harder than their peers.

Alan Schoenfeld – Math professor- video tape – Renee – computer slope math problem.

Glorious misconception ( Patience and curiosity) – goes back same issue, keep going and going, simply won’t give up.

School students won’t try for not more than 2 minutes, they immediately ask how to solve it.

Experiment to school students to solve a problem, and don’t come back in try for two weeks , first you won’t get anything, spend more time, keep working, you’ll find you’ll make significant progress.

You master Math if you are willing to try.

TIMSS exam – questionnaire and math exam. Rank match of who have patience in filling questionnaire done math well. Country who are will to concentrate and sit still long enough and focus on answering every single question in an endless question-naire are same countries students do best job of solving math problems. Country – Singapore, South Korea, China, Hong Kong and Japan.


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