9. Marita’s Bargain
“ALL MY FRIENDS NOW ARE FROM KIPP”
KIPP – Knowledge is Power Program
KIPP academy – poorest neighborhoods in New York city. Chosen by lottery.
“SSLANT” – Smile, Sit up, Listen, Ask questions, nod when being spoken to, and track with your eyes.
No exaggeration to say that ten years into its existence, KIPP has become one of the most desirable public schools in New York City and famous for its mathematics.
“Relation of Education to Insanity”, – “over-study”
“Education lays the foundation of a large portion of the causes of mental disorder”
“Not infrequently is health itself destroyed by over-stimulation the mind”
Summer vacation – California Achievement Test – reading scores – socioeconomic class – low, middle, high.
(After return from summer vacation) 5th grade: Low – 461, Middle – 497, High – 534.
Achievement gap: kids don’t have same inherent ability to learn as children from more privileged backgrounds. Some way our schools are failing poor children.
School-year gains – whole year test result
Low – 189, Middle – 214, High – 184
Reading score changes during Summer vacation:
Low – 0.26, Middle – 7.09, High – 52.49
When it comes to reading skills, poor kids learn nothing when school is not in session. Result of differences in the way privileged kids learn while they are not in school also.
Students in Asia don’t have long summer vacations.
KIPP schools set out to solve by decided to bring the lessons of the rice paddy to the American inner city.
KIPP school – 7.25 AM – 5 PM and then sports or homework clubs (7 PM).
Saturdays – 9 – 1
Summer – 8 – 2 ( extra 3 weeks of school in July)
Students working on single problem for 20 mins, methodically, carefully, working his way not just the answer, but also the question of whether there was more than one way to get the answer.
What that extra time does is allow for a more relaxed atmosphere. Extended amount of time gives you the chance as a teacher to explain things, and more time for the kids to sit and digest everything that’s going on – to review, to do things at a slower pace. Extra time gave them chance to make Math meaningful.
A 5th grade girl cried every Saturday, that she was horrible in math. Huge tears and tears. She just e-mailed us a couple weeks ago. She’s is in college now. She’s an accounting major.
Story of miracle school transforms losers into winners, of course too familiar, It’s the stuff of inspirational books and sentimental Hollywood movies. But KIPP is a good deal less glamorous than that.
KIPP students – wake up 5:45 and go to bed by 11PM after finishing the homework’s.
We believe children should have time to play and dream and sleep. But for poor students, there community does not give her what she needs. (Facility to learn, resources etc,.)
So what does she have to do? Give up her evenings and weekends and friends – all elements of her old world – and replace them with KIPP.
Outliers are those who have been given opportunities.
KIPP students doesn’t need a brand-new school with acres of playing fields and facilities. They doesn’t need a laptop, a smaller class, a teacher with Ph.D, or a bigger apartment. She doesn’t need a higher IQ. All those things would be nice, of course. But they miss the point. They just needed a chance.
10. A Jamaican Story
“IF A PROGENY OF YOUNG COLORED CHILDREN IS BROUGHT FORTH, THESE ARE EMANCIPATED”
Daisy Donald – schoolteacher Jamica, twins daughter Faith and Joyce. When Donald was told that he had fathered twins, he sank down on his knees and surrendered responsibility for their lives over to God.
Joyce went to private high school and university in London and fell in love with Graham. They had three sons and built a beautiful house on a hill. Graham’s last name is Gladwell, my father and Joyce is my mother.
My mother’s path of success isn’t true and not a lie.
In 1935 when my mother were four. William M. MacMillan visited Jamica and deeply concern about social problems. No public high schools or universities. They need to go extra classes with head teacher and somehow find their way to private school and university to US or England. But scholarships were few and far between and cost of private schooling was prohibitive for all but a privileged few.
MacMillan wrote and published his book about it and Jamica problems. Then British government took it seriously and proposed scholarship to go to private schools from 1941.
My mother and twin sat for exam the following year. My aunt awarded scholarship and my mother was not.
My grandmother was steadfast, sent both to school(without money to pay for next term) and prayed and at end of first term one of other girls won two scholarships and second one gave to my mother.
For university, “Centenary” – hundered years of slavery in Jamaica, one scholarship each year of whole island to top boy or girl alternative year. That year was girls and my aunt got it.My mother was not. My grandmother borrowed money from Chinese shop which is huge amount and sent them both to London.
History about Jamaica, British slavery. buying slaves and relationship with them – mulatto – getting privileged than black. Same time in America you should not have relation ship with slave.
About color issues, about his great great great grandfather bought his great.. grandmother and son mulatto and getting privileged in future.
About his mother insulted by mother-in-law about the dark color. ASking God about dominating whites, And she realize thro’ God spirit that Have you not done the same thing? Have you not been glad that you are not colored than you are? Grateful that you are not black?. She thinks She was no better than her mother-in-law. Both guilty of the sin of self-regard, pride.
No Outlier say truthfulness “I did this, all by myself”. They don’t. They are products of history and community, of opportunity and legacy.